Bio-hazard or Medical Waste bag

What are Bio-hazard Bags?

There are certain waste materials that possess the capacity to harm humans and the environment dangerously. Therefore, the need to contain them becomes a priority for everyone. Such harmful materials are termed as bio-hazardous wastes that are usually found in clinical laboratories, research facilities, pharmaceutical industries, and health care facilities. The containers used to seal off bio-hazardous wastes are known as bio-hazard bags.

The name itself is a self-explanatory term that accentuates upon the word bio-hazard. The necessity to collect, seal, and dispose the toxic waste has been elucidated by all the scientists, health practitioners, and environmentalists. Therefore, such contaminants are collected in special type of bags called as bio-hazard bags that are made up of high density polyethylene, polypropylene, plastic, and polyethylene.

IRN Company can provide its customers with their desired bag, based on their needs. There are different categories of bags used for containing various types of biohazard materials. Below please find the different type of bio-hazard bags that IRN Company provides.

Commonly used Bio-hazard Bags

Red Bio-hazard Bags

These types of bags are commonly used to segregate noxious materials from the uncontaminated ones. The red bio-hazard bags are used to collect pathological wastes and only those objects that have blood on it. Commonly included contaminants are anatomical wastes and body fluids like semen, tissues, saliva, animal carcasses, and organs. Apart from this, dresses that are soaked in blood, specimen swabs, toxic medical equipment, and infected gloves are also gathered and sealed off in this type of bio-hazard bag.

Avert putting wastes like alcohols, chemicals, solvents, lead, radioactive wastes, wrappers of food, and pharmaceutical effluents in the red bio-hazard bags as they aren’t designed to handle such wastes.

Yellow Bio-hazard Bags

Such bags are utilized for disposing chemicals, infectious clinical materials, and pharmaceutical medicines. Moreover, dressings, swabs, tissues, aprons, soiled gloves, nappies, and pads are also collected and packed in yellow bio-hazard bags. Some other uncommon objects such as IV (intravenous) lines, fluid bags, syringes, and metallic parts are also a part of bio-hazard waste that go into these bags.

Things such as anatomical wastes, placental remains, pathological trash, domestic litter, and non-infectious rubbish are not included in the yellow bio-hazard bags.

Autoclave Bio-hazard Bags

These bags comprises of colours like red, yellow, and transparent that helps in distinguishing the type of waste that goes in each one of them.

The autoclave bio-hazard bags consist of special features that are enlisted as follows:

  • They are burst and tear proof under normal circumstances.
  • A bio-hazard symbol is printed on all of these bags.
  • They have qualified the ASTMD 1709-85 165 gram dart test.
  • Tolerable temperature is 141?C
  • These are made of HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) and LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene) plastics.

Dos and Don’ts while Dealing with Bio-hazard Bags

Like every systems, devices, and technology; the bio-hazard bags too have a strict protocol that is to be followed while handling them. The major rules are as follows:

  • Label every bag with a bio-hazard symbol.
  • Always wear apron, gloves, eye protection, and face masks while transferring the contaminated wastes in the bio-hazard bags.
  • Do not dispose the bio hazardous waste in city or municipal trash cans, such harmful wastes are collected by a licensed medical waste contractor only.
  • Line the medical waste container with bio-hazard bags.
  • Carry out autoclave process on site before disposing the contaminants.
  • Use a tray or a bucket while dealing with liquid bio-hazard wastes as a precautionary measure.
  • Treat the liquid waste with bleach or autoclave it before disposal; however, deter from such procedures in case of body fluids and chemicals.
  • For sharp objects use bio-hazard bags that are resistant to puncture and are leakage proof.
  • Utilize double bags for pathological wastes to prevent leaks.

What Kind of Poisonous Waste Goes in the Bio-hazard Bags?

Any contaminated material that is highly infectious and can harm an individual is compiled and discarded in the bio-hazard bags. Some of the prominent noxious items are as follows:

  • Blood and things covered with blood
  • Tainted personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Recombination DNA and RNA
  • IV (intravenous) tubing
  • Any sharp objects covered with contaminants
  • Laboratory apparatus, microbial cultures, and stocked specimens
  • Pathological wastes
  • Waste produced from person infected with communicable diseases
  • Discarded vaccines
  • Animal waste

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